male, commercial, floating, street, sex workers, aids, hiv, csws, idus, fsws,
girls, women, consensual, premarital, exmarital, sexuality, empowerment,
gender, education, prevention, dhaka, india, pakistan, bangladesh,
adolescent, teen, teenage, truck drivers. trafficking, epidemic, street
girls, knowledge, young people, discrimination, nonconsensual, coerced sex,
sexual partners, safe sex, sexually transmitted diseases, stds, stis, sexual
abuse, forced sex, risky sexual behaviour, business, multi partner sex,
heterosexual, injection, intravenous drugs users,
men who have sex with men, msm, harassment, sugar daddies, relationships,
condom, polygamy, homosexuality, extra marital, relations, truckers, migrant
workers, gay, hijras, hermaphrodites, professional blood donors, heroin
smokers, hotel, brothel, street based commercial sex workers, casual sex
workers, so called sex workers, violence, exploitation, Rainbow Nari O
Shishu Kallyan Foundation, Mohammad Khairul Alam
Rainbow Nari O
Shishu Kallyan Foundation
immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to spread around the world. As per
the estimates of United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 39.5 million
people were living with HIV in 2006. In this year 4.3 million were newly
infected, it has turned a serious global epidemic, virtually all of them in
poor or developing countries. The disease has been most devastating in
In some African region over 20% of the population is infected. The epidemic
is growing most rapidly among some individual localities, communities,
ethnic groups, tribal groups or subpopulations and poor populations. While
the spread of HIV/AIDS in
has not been as rapid as in
Africa we in Asia must
not be complacent about the disease. An estimated 8.6 million people were
living with HIV in Asia.
Some countries in
have critically high HIV/AIDS prevalence rates and the disease is beginning
to get a foothold in some other countries. China and India account for the
predominant share of total known cases of infection in the region.
Approximately 5.7 million Indian people were living with HIV in 2005, and
near about 1.1 million were living with HIV in China at the end of 2005.
Cambodia and Myanmar have rates approaching 2 percent of the population.
Serious epidemic among men who have sex with man(MSM) are being uncovered in
Cambodia, China, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand and Viet Nam. Already more
than one million people have died in this region from HIV/AIDS.
HIV/AIDS is a disease
that is not easy to catch. Infections are largely passed on during risky or
unprotected sex, either between a man and a woman or a man and a man (MSM).
Injecting drug users (IDUs) transmit the virus if they share infected needle
and, although it was once a problem, blood transfusions are now screened to
make sure they do not contain the virus. Transmission in saliva is virtually
impossible. The virus can cross the placenta in HIV positive pregnant
mothers but medicines are available that can reduce the chance of the baby
being born HIV positive.
The scenario of rural
Bangladesh, major population in here depends on agriculture. Since
agriculture mostly depends on uncertain monsoon, economic condition of
people in general is poor. Lack of non-farm sector activities, high
incidence of poverty, lack of employment opportunity and subsequent economic
pressure promotes out migration in search of livelihoods. Day-labour
migration at large-scale, particularly to different areas of Bangladesh,
would contribute to their risk and vulnerability to several STDs or HIV.
The reason of
accessibility, injecting/ intravenous drug users and the number of new
injectors are increasing all area in
drug users are not isolated from our society; some of them have sexual
partner, some of them sell or buy sex from others, they sell blood. In
addition, about 13% of sex workers reported having injecting drugs. This
round linkage can potentially spread the epidemic widely to the general
Nari O Shishu Kallan Foundation’ response to HIV/AIDS has focused mostly on
three types of work: community mobilization for prevention through the
promotion of fidelity, condom-use and abstinence; advocacy on access to
affordable treatments, targeted at medicine producers and international
donor organizations; and work to ‘mainstream’ support to AIDS-affected
individuals and communities into poverty mitigation work. HIV/AIDS has good
relation between poverty and gender inequality. Without decline gender
discrimination, poverty, all effort will destroy to prevent HIV/AIDS or
sustainable development of this sector.