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Hemoglobin Test Program:

 

In rural Bangladesh micronutrient status of adolescent girls and women are very low when the use of multiple-micronutrient fortified beverage can contribute to the reduction of anemia and improvement of micronutrient status. A huge number of women and adolescent girls die of diseases of hemoglobin deficiency. Home knowledge can easily retreat them. For this reason, the objective of this project is to test hemoglobin of women without any fee and inform them about the condition and to council them what to bee done. Under this project we give logistic support to South Asian voluntary institutes including Bangladesh. Every year about thousands people are given this service by the coordination of Apex Club/Rotary Club and other NGOs.

 

Among the genetic diseases which affect mankind sickle cell disease and thalassemia disorder.

 

Anemia:

Anemia is the most frequent disorder which refers to the shortage of red blood cells (RBC) or hemoglobin. The symptoms includes fatigue, poor concentration, pallor and malaise. Severe anemia can result in palpitation and heart failure. There are three kinds of anemia – Microcytic anemia, Normocytic anemia and Microcytic anemia. Iron deficiency and paracytic infestation are the main cause of anemia. Microcytic anemia afflicted people look pale. Normocytic anemia occurs for acute blood loss, chronic anemia and bone marrow failure. Lack of folic acid and lack sufficient parietal cells cause macrocytic anemia.

 

Thalassemia:

Thalassemia is a recessive trait disease associated with RBC where both parents are carries. It is a mutation occurs in the hemoglobin gene. There are two kinds of it – alpha thalassemia and beta thalasemia. Bone marrow transplantation and blood transfusions are methods used to combat thalassemia.

 

Sickle-cell disease:

Sickle cell disease is a hemoglobin disorder caused by abnormally shaped RBC which can aggregate within blood vessels lead to several complications. This is also a recessive trait disease occurs in Africa. This disorder results in periodic painful episodes called vasso – occlusive crises, Splenic sequestration crises, aplastic crises. Aplastic crises, a life – threatening condition.

 

Who has low hemoglobin

 

People with low hemoglobin levels are anemic. Anemia can be caused by vitamin deficiency, blood loss, problems with bone marrow or abnormal hemoglobin.

 

Who has high hemoglobin level

 

People living in high altitude tend to have high hemoglobin levels. Cancer, tumar, drug abuse also cause to rise hemoglobin level.

 

Typical Hemoglobin Values:

Hemoglobin levels are measured by the amount of hemoglobin in grams (gm) per deciliter (dl) of blood. The normal ranges for hemoglobin values are dependent on the age and sex. Normal ranges are:

    * Newborns: 17-22 gm/dl

    * One (1) week of age: 15-20 gm/dl

    * One (1) month of age: 11-15gm/dl

    * Children: 11-13 gm/dl

    * Adult women: 12-16 gm/dl

    * Adult males: 14-18 gm/dl

    * Women after middle age: 11.7-13.8 gm/dl

    * Men after middle age: 12.4-14.9 gm/dl

 

Epidemiology:

 

Generally, thalassemias are prevalent in populations that evolved in humid climates where malaria was endemic. It affects all races, as thalassemias protected these people from malaria due to the blood cells' easy degradation.

 

Thalassemias are particularly associated with people of Mediterranean origin, Arabs, and Asians. The Maldives has the highest incidence of Thalassemia in the world with a carrier rate of 18% of the population. The estimated prevalence is 16% in people from Cyprus, 1% in Thailand, and 3-8% in populations from Bangladesh, China, India, Malaysia and Pakistan. There are also prevalences in descendants of people from Latin America and Mediterranean countries (e.g. Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and others). A very low prevalence has been reported from people in Northern Europe (0.1%) and Africa (0.9%), with those in North Africa having the highest prevalence. It is also particularly common in populations of indigenous ethnic minorities of Upper Egypt such as the Beja, Hadendoa, Sa'idi and also peoples of the Nile Delta, Red Sea Hill Region and especially amongst the Siwans.

 

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HIV/AIDS Prevention Program Maternal & Child Health Care Interventions

Education Program Advocacy on democracy & human rights, legal aid support

Basic Education for Working Adolescent program Promotional Activities

Anti Tobacco Activities Expanded Health & Education Program Project

Anti Trafficking Movement Social Mobilization Programs with Vulnerable Group

Family Planning Interventions Institutional Building through Training Program

Disable Awareness & Rehabilitation Child Sexual Abuse Protection Movement

Adolescent Girls Program Water and Sanitation for Sustainable Development

Establish Gender Equality, Women Human Rights and Good Governance

Poultry and Livestock Program Technical Services for Poorest

 

Activities Picture

 

Anti Trafficking Campaign Dowry Prevention Campaign Cultural Program

Child Rights Awareness Campaign Nutrition Training Gender Training

Stop Child Marriage Awareness Campaign Advocacy for Women Rights

Women’s Day Assembly Women Livelihood Training Child Health Care

Non-formal Education Session Capacity Building Training for Local CBO/NGO

Capacity Building Training for Network Member Peer Educators Training

Stakeholders & Volunteers Training Food Preservation Program for Farmer

Human development and leadership training  HIV/AIDS Awareness Session

Anti Smoking Campaign Staffs Training Adolescent Girls Program