If you think you have an STD
go to your doctor and get a diagnosis as early as possible. Most
common sexually transmitted diseases can be cured. This artical is
not meant to displace sound medical advice from a licensed
HIV / AIDS
Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome.
It is important to distinguish between the two. HIV is the virus
that ultimately causes AIDS. AIDS is a syndrome, a collection of
symptoms associated with HIV infection.
People infected with HIV may have no symptoms for up to fifteen
years. During this time, they are capable of infecting anyone they
have sex with or donate blood to. Initial symptoms of HIV
infection include inexplicable weight loss, persistent fever,
swollen lymph nodes, and reddish spots on the skin (Karposi's
HIV causes the destruction
of the immune system. It's most pronounced symptoms, therefore,
are opportunistic infections of pneumocystis carinii, fungal
infections, tuberculosis, and various herpes forms.
There is no cure for HIV / AIDS. Right now most scientists agree
that if you are infected with HIV, you will eventually die of
AIDS. Treatment may fend off infections, however the typical
course is for one overwhelming infection to follow another until
the victim succumbs. Various drugs may slow the virus, but right
now there is no cure.
In a person infected with HIV, the virus can be present in the
body's semen, blood, and breast milk. It can also be present, in
much smaller quantities, in vaginal secretion, saliva, and tears.
The AIDS virus can be
transmitted via any of these fluids, but only the first two --
semen and blood -- are likely to be involved. Anal sex is the most
commonly perceived method of transfer, but vaginal sex has been
repeatedly shown to transmit HIV. Men are less likely than women
to be infected through vaginal sex, but there are recorded cases
of men having been infected this way. Cunnilingus and fellatio
have also been established as capable of transmitting the virus.
Sexual activities, not sexual orientation, transmit the virus.
HIV cannot be passed on
through casual contact, hugging, hand-shaking, touching the sweat
of an infected person, or mosquito bites.
The HIV test shows the presence of antibodies to HIV. It does not
show the presence of the virus: the body first has to develop
antibodies, which normally takes about six weeks. Hence, a
positive result means that someone has antibodies and could
possibly develop AIDS in the future. A negative result means that
does not have antibodies at the moment. If there is a reason to
think that exposure was more recent than six weeks, then a test
taken immediately can only serve as a baseline to compare against
a test taken later. Within six months of HIV infection, 99% of the
population will test positive. No one should be tested for HIV
without first obtaining counselling and ensuring beforehand
support from his or her family or friends.
Yellowish discharge from the penis. Painful, frequent urination.
Symptoms develop from two to thirty days after infection. Roughly
20% of infected men have no symptoms. Later stages of the
infection may move into the prostate, seminal vesicles, and
epididymis, causing severe pain and fever. Rare cases can lead to
septic arthritis. Untreated, gonorrhea can lead to sterility.
Under half of women with gonorrhea show no symptoms, or symptoms
so mild they are commonly ignored. Early symptoms include
increased vaginal discharge, irritation of the external genitals,
pain or burning on urination and abnormal menstrual bleeding.
Women who are untreated may develop severe complications.
Theinfection will usually spread to the uterus, Fallopian tubes,
and ovaries, causing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). PID,
though not only caused by gonorrhea, is the most common cause of
female infertility. Early symptoms of PID are lower abdominal
pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and pain during intercourse.
Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection, and is therefore treated with
standard antibiotics, usually a member of the penicillin family.
Tetracycline drugs frequently do not cure gonorrhea, especially in
cases of anal infection. One variety of gonorrhea, nicilliase-producing
N. gonorrhea, is immune to penicillin, and drugs of the
cyclosporin family may be necessary.
The bacteria that causes gonorrhea can be passed through sexual
contact, such as intercourse, fellatio, anal sex, cunnilingus and
even kissing, although the last is rare.
A chancre sore develops at the site of infection from two to four
weeks after infection has occurred. The chancre is painless 75% of
the time. The chancre starts as a dull red spot, turns into a
pimple, which ulcerates, forming a round or oval sore with a red
rim. The sore heals in 4-6 weeks - however, the infection is still
The chancre is usually found on the genitals or anus, but can
appear on any part of the skin.
One week to six months after the chancre heals. Pale red or
pinkish rash appears (often on palms or soles) fever, sore throat,
headaches, joint pains, poor appetite, weight loss, hair loss.
Moist sores may appear around the genitals or anus and are highly
infectious. Symptoms usually last three to six months, but can
come and go.
No apparent symptoms, and the carrier is no longer contagious.
However, the organism is insinuating itself into the host's
tissues. 50 to 70 percent of carriers pass the rest of their lives
without the disease leaving this stage. The reminder pass into
Last Stage syphilis.
Serious heart problems, eye problems, brain and spinal cord
damage, with a high probability of paralysis, insanity, blindness
or death. Treatment:
Penicillin by injection, or a two-week regimen of tetracycline, is
the standard treatment for syphilis. Two follow-up blood tests two
weeks apart after ending treatment are necessary to ensure the
treatment is complete. The first three stages of syphilis are
completely curable, and even in the last stage syphilis can be
stopped. With the present medical technology to diagnose and treat
syphilis, no one should ever suffer the effects of last-stage
Nominally sexual contact, but can be transmitted by blood
transfusion or from an infected pregnant woman to her fetus.
Gential Warts and Human
Half of the people infected with HPV do not show any symptoms.
When symptoms are present, they are small, visible warts appearing
at the tip of the penis or at the opening of vagina. In women, HPV
also causes cervical lesions. Warts can occur anywhere on the
shaft of penis or the scrotum in men, and anywhere around the
labial area or inside the vagina in women. In women, an abnormal
Pap smear may indicate cervical lesions, but a coloscopy is
necessary to confirm this.
Warts are pinpoint infections, and can be treated as such.
Podophyllin solution, trichlorocetic acid, and fluorouracil cream
are three chemical solutions used to burn warts from the skin.
Liquid nitrogen or lasers are sometimes used, as well as
electrodessication. A six-month check-up is necessary to confirm
that all the warts were destroyed, and even then a small
percentage of people may experience a recurrence of warts within
The virus is transmitted through sexual contact. Warts are
considered very contagious even in people who show no visible
Genital Herpes, HSV
Herpes Simplex Virus I and Herpes Simplex Virus II. HSV-I is most
often associated with cold sores or fever blisters about the mouth
and lips, while HSV-II is associated with sores around the gential
area. There is some crossover, however, and each virus will
survive quite comfortably in both regions.
Herpes is marked by clusters of small, painful blisters on the
genitals. After a few days, the blisters burst, leaving small
ulcers. In men, the blisters usually appear on the penis, but can
appear in the urethra or rectum. In women, they usually appear on
the labia, but can appear on the cervix and anal area. First
outbreaks are accompanied by fever, headache, and muscle soreness
for two or more consecutive days in 39% of men and 68% of women.
Other relatively common symptoms include painful urination
discharge from the urethra or vagina, and tender, swollen lymph
nodes in the groin. These symptoms tend to disappear within two
weeks. Aseptic meningitis occurs in 8 percent of cases, eye
infections in 1% of cases, and infection of the cervix in 88% of
infected women. Skin lesions last on average 16.5 days in men,
19.7 in women. Secondary symptoms are most prominent in the first
four days and then gradually diminish.
None in 10% of cases. Frequency for the remaining population is
from once a month to once every few years. The majority of
sufferers do not have repeat attacks after a few years. Most
repeat attacks are less severe than the initial attack.
There is no medical cure for herpes. Treatment with acyclovir
reduces pain and viral reproduction during outbreaks of sores,
although it will not delay or prevent recurrences.
Generally by sexual contact. Direct contact with infected genitals
can cause transmission via intercourse, rubbing genitals together,
oral genital contact, anal sex, or oral/anal contact. In addition,
normally protected areas of skin can become infected if there is a
cut, rash, sore. Herpes viruses can be spread in some instances by
kissing, if one participant has the infection sited in or near the
Crabs, Pubic Lice
Pubic lice are just that, lice that has infested your public hair.
The most common symptom is intense itching, usually felt mostly at
night. Some victims have no symptoms, others may develop an
Various shampoos and lotions exist to kill lice, but the best
solution is simply to shave off the pubic and hair and shower
Nominally through sexual contact, however they may be picked up
through use of sheets, towels or clothing used by an infected
Nonspecific Urethritis (NSU)
or Nongonoccal Urethritis (NGU)
Chlamydia trachomatous, T. mycoplasma, ureaplasma urealyticum,
mycolasma hominis. An estimated quarter of cases are allergic
reactions to latex or spermicide.
Similar to gonorrhea but usually milder. Urethral discharge is
generally thin and clear. Planned Parenthood estimates that half
of the women with one of these diseases doesn't know it. NSU/NGU
in women can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and sterility.
In cases involving a pathogen, sexual intercourse, as well as
hands with semen or vaginal secretions on them infecting the eye.
Penicillin is generally not effective against NGU/NSU- causing
organisms. Tetracycilne is generally prescribed; sulfa drugs are
effective against chlamydia but not the others.
About half of those who get hepatitis B will suffer from an
inflammation of the liver, called acute hepatitis. Many people
with hepatitis B mistake the symptoms for other illnesses, such as
the flu, while others are more seriously affected and may miss
school or work for months. Other common symptoms include skin
rashes and arthritis, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, malaise,
abdominal pain, and jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin).
There is no cure for hepatitis B. There is a vaccine, however,
that is very effective. It is also expensive. Consult your
physician. A small percentage of people who acquire hepatitis B
will carry the virus in their bloodstreams for the rest of their
lives as carriers.
Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with the bodily fluids
of an infected person, and that includes sexual contact. It is a
considered a highly infectious disease and should be taken
by Elf Sternberg.